RNA sequencing-based analysis of gallbladder cancer reveals the importance of the liver X receptor and lipid metabolism in gallbladder cancer

Mingxin Zuo, Asif Rashid, Ying Wang, Apurva Jain, Donghui Li, Anu Behari, Vinay Kumar Kapoor, Eugene J. Koay, Ping Chang, Jean Nicholas Vauthey, Yanan Li, Jaime A. Espinoza, Juan Carlos Roa, Milind Javle

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

6 Scopus citations

Abstract

Gallbladder cancer (GBC) is an aggressive malignancy. Although surgical resection may be curable, most patients are diagnosed at an advanced unresectable disease stage. Cholelithiasis is the major risk factor; however the pathogenesis of the disease, from gallstone cholecystitis to cancer, is still not understood. To understand the molecular genetic underpinnings of this cancer and explore novel therapeutic targets for GBC, we examined the key genes and pathways involved in GBC using RNA sequencing. We performed gene expression analysis of 32 cases of surgicallyresected GBC along with normal gallbladder tissue controls. We observed that 519 genes were differentially expressed between GBC and normal GB mucosal controls. The liver X receptor (LXR)/retinoid X receptor (RXR) and farnesoid X receptor (FXR) /RXR pathways were the top canonical pathways involved in GBC. Key genes in these pathways, including SERPINB3 and KLK1, were overexpressed in GBC, especially in female GBC patients. Additionally, ApoA1 gene expression suppressed in GBC as compared with normal control tissues. LXR and FXR genes, known to be important in lipid metabolism also function as tumor suppressors and their down regulation appears to be critical for GBC pathogenesis. LXR agonists may have therapeutic value and as potential therapeutic targets.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)35302-35312
Number of pages11
JournalOncotarget
Volume7
Issue number23
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 7 2016

Keywords

  • Gallbladder cancer
  • Lipid metabolism pathways
  • Liver X receptor
  • RNA sequence

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology

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