RNA interference silencing of the adaptor molecules ShcC and Fe65 differentially affect amyloid precursor protein processing and Aβ generation

Zhongcong Xie, Yuanlin Dong, Uta Maeda, Weiming Xia, Rudolph E. Tanzi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

43 Scopus citations

Abstract

The amyloid precursor protein (APP) and its pathogenic by-product amyloid-β protein (Aβ) play central roles in Alzheimer disease (AD) neuropathogenesis. APP can be cleaved by β-secretase (BACE) and α-secretase to produce APP-C99 and APP-C83. These C-terminal fragments can then be cleaved by γ-secretase to produce Aβ and p3, respectively. p3 has been reported to promote apoptosis, and Aβ is the key component of senile plaques in AD brain. APP adaptor proteins with phosphotyrosine-binding domains, including ShcA (SHC1), ShcC (SHC3), and Fe65 (APBB1), can bind to and interact with the conserved YENPTY motif in the APP-C terminus. Here we have described for the first time the effects of RNA interference (RNAi) silencing of ShcA, ShcC, and Fe65 expression on APP processing and Aβ production. RNAi silencing of ShcC led to reductions in the levels of APP-C-terminal fragments (APPCTFs) and Aβ in H4 human neuroglioma cells stably overexpressing full-length APP (H4-FL-APP cells) but not in those expressing APP-C99 (H4-APP-C99 cells). RNAi silencing of ShcC also led to reductions in BACE levels in H4-FL-APP cells. In contrast, RNAi silencing of the homologue ShcA had no effect on APP processing or Aβ levels. RNAi silencing of Fe65 increased APP-CTF levels, although also decreasing Aβ levels in H4-FL-APP cells. These findings suggest that pharmacologically blocking interaction of APP with ShcC and Fe65 may provide novel therapeutic strategies against AD.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)4318-4325
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Biological Chemistry
Volume282
Issue number7
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 16 2007

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology

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