The early stages of aortic valve calcification (AVC) and coronary artery calcification (CAC) include shared ASCVD risk factors, yet there is considerable heterogeneity between the burden of AVC, and CAC. We sought to identify the markers associated with limited CAC among persons with significant AVC. There were 325 participants from the Multi-Ethnic Study of Atherosclerosis without clinical ASCVD and with AVC ≥100 Agatston units (AU) at Visit 1. Multivariable-adjusted prevalence ratios for limited CAC (0 to 99 AU) were calculated using modified Poisson regression. Participants had a mean age of 72.1 years, median AVC score of 209, and 34% were women. A total of 133 (41%) participants had CAC <100, of whom 46/133 had CAC = 0. Younger age (PR = 1.40, 95% CI: 1.22 to 1.62, per 10-years), female gender (PR = 1.68, 95% CI: 1.28 to 2.20), and low 10-year ASCVD risk (PR = 2.30, 95% CI: 1.85 to 2.85) were most strongly associated with limited CAC. Neither a normal lipoprotein(a) nor normal measures of inflammation were significantly associated with limited CAC. Lower serum phosphate (PR = 1.15, 95% CI: 1.01 to 1.31; per 0.5 mg/dl lower) and calcium-phosphate product (PR = 1.16, 95% CI: 1.02 to 1.34; per SD lower) were associated with an approximately 15% higher prevalence of limited CAC. In conclusion, more than 40% of persons with significant AVC had CAC. Beyond traditional risk factors, lower serum phosphate, and lower calcium-phosphate product were associated with a higher prevalence of limited CAC.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine