Risk factors for and frequency of ct scans, steroid use, and repeat visits in inflammatory bowel disease patients seen at a single-center emergency department: A retrospective cohort study

Lindsay Euers, Shaadi Abughazaleh, Kerri Glassner, Prianka Gajula, Michelle Jones-Pauley, Chika Ezeana, Mamta Puppala, Lin Wang, Stephen Wong, Ayah Oglat, Stephanie Nickerson, Bincy P. Abraham

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Patients with inflammatory bowel disease often present to the emergency department due to the chronic relapsing nature of the disease. Previous studies have shown younger patients to have an increased frequency of emergency department visits, resulting in repeated exposure to imaging studies and steroids, both of which are associated with risks. We performed a retrospective cohort analysis of inflammatory bowel disease patients seen at Houston Methodist Hospital’s emergency department from January 2014 to December 2017 using ICD codes to identify patients with Crohn’s disease, ulcerative colitis, or indeterminate colitis from the electronic medical record. Data were collected on demographics, medications, and imaging. Five hundred and fifty-nine patients were randomly selected for inclusion. Older age was associated with decreased risk of CT scan or steroid use. Patients with ulcerative colitis compared to Crohn’s had decreased risk of CT scan, while there was an increased risk of CT in patients on a biologic, immunomodulator, or when steroids were given. Steroid use was also more common in those with inflammatory bowel disease as the primary reason for the visit. Patients in our study frequently received steroids and had CT scans performed. The increased risk of CT in those on a biologic, immunomodulator, or steroids suggests more severe disease may contribute. Guidelines are needed to reduce any unnecessary corticosteroid use and limit repeat CT scans in young inflammatory bowel disease patients to decrease the risk of radiation-associated malignancy over their lifetime.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number2679
JournalJournal of Clinical Medicine
Volume10
Issue number12
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 2 2021

Keywords

  • Crohn’s disease
  • Emergency medical services
  • Inflammatory bowel disease
  • Radiation
  • Steroids
  • Ulcerative colitis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

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