Risk assessment in patients with pulmonary arterial hypertension in the era of COVID 19 pandemic and the telehealth revolution: State of the art review

Michael Wesley Milks, Sandeep Sahay, Raymond L. Benza, Harrison W. Farber

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

Abstract

Patients affected by pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) benefit from intensive, continuous clinical monitoring to guide escalation of treatments that carry the potential to improve survival and quality of life. During the coronavirus disease 2019 pandemic, the need for physical distancing has fueled the expeditious expansion of various telehealth modalities, which may apply in a unique manner to individuals with PAH. Performance of objective risk assessments in patients with PAH remotely via telemedical visits and other telehealth mechanisms is unprecedented and not yet rigorously validated. The uniquely high risk for rapid deterioration in patients with PAH demands a high degree of sensitivity to detect changes in functional assessments. In this review, several telehealth modalities for potential utilization in risk assessment and treatment titration in patients with PAH are explored, yet additional study is needed for their validation with the pre-pandemic care paradigm.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)172-182
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Heart and Lung Transplantation
Volume40
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 2021

Keywords

  • COVID-19
  • PAH
  • PRO
  • quality of life
  • risk assessment
  • telemedicine
  • Pandemics
  • Comorbidity
  • Humans
  • Telemedicine/methods
  • Pulmonary Arterial Hypertension/epidemiology
  • SARS-CoV-2
  • Quality of Life
  • Risk Assessment/methods

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
  • Transplantation
  • Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine
  • Surgery

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