High defibrillation thresholds are encountered in some patients during implantation of the automatic implantable cardioverter defibrillator (AICD). In a consecutive series of 52 patients with AICD implants, 46 had allepicardial implants by left subcostal thoracotomy, and 8 of these patients had thresholds greater than 30 J. Placement of an apicolateral large left ventricular patch and an extrapericardial large right atrial patch electrode through a limited right thoracotomy produced substantial reduction in their thresholds. Especially in patients who have had previous intrapericardial operations, this technique provides a simple solution to the problem of high thresholds.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine