Rhodococcus equi pulmonary infection in a pancreas-alone transplant recipient: Consequence of intense immunosuppression

A. Lo, Robert J. Stratta, J. Trofe, J. Norwood, M. F. Egidi, M. H. Shokouh-Amiri, H. P. Grewal, R. R. Alloway, A. O. Gaber

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

7 Scopus citations

Abstract

We report the case of a pancreas-alone transplant recipient who developed Rhodococcus equi pneumonia after receiving multiple courses of antilymphocyte therapy for the treatment of recurrent acute pancreas allograft rejection. We also review and discuss the diagnosis, clinical course, and treatment of 18 cases of R. equi infection reported in solid organ transplant recipients. The lung is the most common primary site of infection, but R. equi infection is difficult to diagnose because of the pleomorphic, gram-positive, and partially acid-fast nature of the organism. Treatment usually involves a combination of antibiotics including rifampin, macrolides, vancomycin, and ciprofloxacin. The optimal duration of therapy is unknown, but relapse is common if the duration of treatment is less than 14 days. The duration of therapy should be guided by clinical recovery, culture results, and radiographic findings. Monitoring levels of immunosuppressive agents-such as tacrolimus and cyclosporine-is needed in order to avoid clinically significant drug interactions with rifampin or the macrolides when these agents are used in order to treat R. equi infection in the transplant population.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)46-51
Number of pages6
JournalTransplant Infectious Disease
Volume4
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - 2002

Keywords

  • Immunosuppression
  • Pancreas transplantation
  • Pulmonary infection
  • Rhodococcus equi

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Transplantation
  • Microbiology (medical)
  • Immunology

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