Revascularization options in patients with chronic kidney disease

Ashrith Guha, Macarthur A. Elayda, James M. Wilson

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

29 Scopus citations

Abstract

Cardiovascular disease is the leading cause of death in patients who have chronic kidney disease or end-stage renal disease and are undergoing hemodialysis. Chronic kidney disease is a recognized risk factor for premature atherosclerosis. Unfortunately, most major randomized clinical trials that form the basis for evidence-based use of revascularization procedures exclude patients who have renal insufficiency. Retrospective, observational studies suggest that patients with end-stage renal disease and severe coronary occlusive disease have a lower risk of death if they undergo coronary revascularization rather than medical therapy alone. Due to a lack of prospective studies, however, the relative merits of percutaneous versus surgical revascularization are merely a matter of opinion. Several small, retrospective studies have shown that coronary artery bypass grafting is associated with higher procedural death but better long-term survival than is percutaneous coronary intervention. This difference appears to result from poor long-term results of percutaneous coronary intervention in patients who have chronic kidney disease or end-stage renal disease. Because randomized trials comparing percutaneous coronary intervention and coronary artery bypass grafting have included patients undergoing balloon angioplasty and placement of bare-metal stents, their conclusions are suspect in the era of drug-eluting stents. In this review, we discuss different revascularization options for patients with chronic kidney disease, the outcomes of revascularization procedures, and the risk factors for adverse outcomes.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)9-18
Number of pages10
JournalTexas Heart Institute Journal
Volume37
Issue number1
StatePublished - Apr 9 2010

Keywords

  • Angioplasty, transluminal, percutanous coronary
  • Chronic
  • Coronary artery bypass
  • Coronary artery bypass, off-pump
  • Creatinine/ blood/metabolism
  • Extracorporeal circulation
  • Glomerular filtration rate
  • Kidney failure
  • Renal dialysis
  • Rugeluting stents
  • Stents
  • Treatment outcome

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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