Tuberculosis commonly affects the eye by causing neovascularization, peripheral vasculitis, and choroidal tubercles. The authors describe a 28-year-old man with systemic tuberculosis who presented with a retinal vascular tumor, peripheral retinal vasculitis, retinal neovascularization, and vitreous hemorrhage causing acute vision loss. He was successfully treated with systemic anti-tuberculosis medications, retinal photocoagulation, and focal ablative diode laser to the tumor. Ophthalmologists should consider performing a purified protein derivative test and a chest x-ray for any patient with a history suspicious for tuberculosis who presents with a vascular tumor.
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