PURPOSE: Characterization of leakage indices on ultra-widefield fluorescein angiography in proliferative diabetic retinopathy treated with intravitreal aflibercept. METHODS: Prospective study enrolling subjects for treatment of proliferative diabetic retinopathy randomized 1:1 to receive 2-mg intravitreal aflibercept every 4 weeks (2q4) or every 12 weeks (2q12). Ultra-widefield fluorescein angiography images obtained at baseline, 24, and 48 weeks were analyzed using a semiautomated leakage segmentation platform. Panretinal and zonal leakage indices were calculated. RESULTS: Forty eyes of 40 subjects were included, and mean age was 48 ± 12.1 years. Mean number of injections was 11 ± 1.7 in the 2q4 arm and 4 ± 0.4 in the 2q12 arm. Median baseline leakage index in the 2q4 and 2q12 groups was 5.1% and 4.3%, respectively (P = 0.28). At 24 and 48 weeks, the 2q4 group significantly improved to 1.1% (-79%, P < 0.0001). At Week 24, the 2q12 group demonstrated nonsignificant improvement (3.4%; -21%, P = 0.47); by Week 48, improvement was significant (1.4%; -68%, P = 0.02). The 2q4 group resulted in lower leakage index compared with the 2q12 group at 24 weeks (1.1% vs. 3.4%, respectively; P = 0.008), but by 48 weeks, leakage index was similar between both groups (1.1% vs. 1.4%, respectively; P = 0.34). CONCLUSION: Proliferative diabetic retinopathy treated with intravitreal aflibercept demonstrated significant leakage index reductions at 1 year. Monthly dosing provided more rapid reduction in leakage index compared with quarterly dosing. TRIAL REGISTRATION: RECOVERY study (NCT02863354); https://clinicaltrials.gov/ct2/show/NCT02863354.
ASJC Scopus subject areas