Aim: Infrapopliteal occlusive arterial lesions mostly characterize diabetic patients arteriopathy. Diabetic patients are prone to multiple comorbidities that make them candidates for low-invasive therapeutic options. The aim of this study was to evaluate the safety of infrapopliteal angioplasty in high-risk diabetic patients. Methods: We undertook a study (retrospective study of a prospectively collected database) of all infrapopliteal endovascular revascularizations performed for critical limb ischemia in high-risk (≥3 major comorbidities) diabetic patients in our institution between 2008 and 2010. Study end points were safety, technical success rate, healing rate, overall 1-year survival, primary patency, secondary patency and limb salvage rates. Results: A total of 101 high-risk diabetic patients (160 arterial lesions: 94 stenosis and 66 occlusions) underwent infrapopliteal endovascular surgery. No major adverse cardiovascular or cerebrovascular event was recorded within 30 days. Two major adverse limb events (two thromboses requiring major amputation) and seven minor adverse events were recorded. Technical and healing rates were, respectively, 83% and 78%. The 1-year survival, primary patency, secondary patency and limb salvage rates were, respectively, 86%, 67%, 83% and 84%. Conclusion: Infrapopliteal angioplasty can be considered as a safe and feasible option for high-risk diabetic patients with critical limb ischemia.
- Critical limb ischemia
- diabetes mellitus
- endovascular surgery
- infrapopliteal lesions
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine