Results of endovascular treatment of traumatic intracranial aneurysms

José E. Cohen, John M. Gomori, Ricardo Segal, Alex Spivak, Emil Margolin, Gill Sviri, Gustavo Rajz, Shifra Fraifeld, Sergey Spektor

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

59 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objective: To present results of early angiographic diagnosis and endovascular treatment of traumatic intracranial aneurysms (TICA). Methods: From June 2002 to December 2006, diagnostic angiography was performed on patients with moderate to severe traumatic brain injury that involved a cranial base fracture or a penetrating brain injury with a tract from the penetrating agent that entered at the pterional area, went through the middle cerebral artery candelabra, and crossed the midline. TICAs were treated by various endovascular techniques during the same angiographic procedure. Results: Thirty-four patients with traumatic brain injury underwent angiography (25 penetrating brain injuries, nine blunt injuries); 13 TICAs were diagnosed (10 penetrating brain injuries, three blunt injuries). The Glasgow Coma Scale score at diagnosis ranged from 5 to 15. Angiography was performed for screening in eight patients and for clinical indications in five patients; 11 TICAs were diagnosed before rupture. Seven aneurysms were located on branches of the middle cerebral artery, two on pericallosal branches of the anterior cerebral artery, and four on the internal carotid artery. No recanalization was detected in 12 patients. One patient treated with a bare stent and coiling had a growing intracavernous pseudoaneurysm; therefore, internal carotid artery occlusion with extracranial-intracranial microvascular bypass was performed. Six patients refused angiographic follow-up, but computed tomographic angiography has failed to show recanalization. No patient presented with delayed bleeding (mean follow-up, 2.6 yr). There were no procedure-related complications or mortality. Conclusion: Early angiographic diagnosis with immediate endovascular treatment provided an effective approach for TICA detection and management. Endovascular therapy is versatile and offers a valuable alternative to surgery, allowing early aneurysm exclusion with excellent results.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)476-485
Number of pages10
JournalNeurosurgery
Volume63
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 1 2008

Keywords

  • Cerebral aneurysm
  • Embolization
  • Intracranial hemorrhage
  • Subarachnoid hemorrhage
  • Traumatic brain injury

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Neurology
  • Surgery

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