Restrictive Opioid Prescribing Protocols Following Total Hip Arthroplasty and Total Knee Arthroplasty Are Safe and Effective

Andrew J. Holte, Christopher N. Carender, Nicolas O. Noiseux, Jesse E. Otero, Timothy S. Brown

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background: Orthopedic surgeons may overprescribe opioids postoperatively. Literature examining opioid prescribing guidelines following total joint arthroplasty (TJA) is limited. Methods: Retrospective review was conducted of primary TJAs from June 2017 to February 2018, with 3-month follow-up. Patients were divided into those who underwent surgery before (historical cohort) and after (restrictive cohort) implementation of a strict postoperative opioid prescribing protocol. Results: Three hundred ninety-nine total patients were included (282 in historical cohort, 117 in restrictive cohort). There was no significant difference in preoperative, perioperative, and postoperative inpatient opioid use. Historical cohort was given significantly larger initial prescriptions, received significantly more refills, and received significantly greater total quantity of opioids per patient. There were significantly fewer call-ins in the restrictive cohort. Clinical outcomes were not significantly different. Conclusion: Drastic reductions in opioid prescriptions following TJA are possible without an increase in refills, call-ins, or adverse clinical effects.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)S135-S139
JournalJournal of Arthroplasty
Volume34
Issue number7
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 2019

Keywords

  • opiate
  • opioid
  • pain control
  • total hip arthroplasty
  • total knee arthroplasty

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Orthopedics and Sports Medicine

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Restrictive Opioid Prescribing Protocols Following Total Hip Arthroplasty and Total Knee Arthroplasty Are Safe and Effective'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this