Restricted Diffusion in the Optic Nerve Head After Shock-Induced Anterior Ischemic Optic Neuropathy

Bayan A. Al Othman, Maryam Naser, Ashwini T. Kini, Andrew G. Lee

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

ABSTRACT: Shock-induced anterior ischemic optic neuropathy (SIAION) is a known type of optic neuropathy in patients who experienced shock related to different etiologies such as anemia and severe intradialytic hypotension like in our patient. Nonarteritic anterior ischemic optic neuropathy (NAION) is the most common acute unilateral known type of optic neuropathy in older patients with vasculopathic risk factors such as hypertension, diabetes mellitus, and obstructive sleep apnea. Although SIAION and NAION are similar optic neuropathies due to ischemia and, in particular, hypotension, they may have different pathogenic mechanisms (e.g., acute shock or intradialytic hypotension vs nocturnal hypotension), laterality (e.g., unilateral vs bilateral), and severity (e.g., light perception or worse vision). We presented a case with restricted diffusion on the apparent diffusion coefficient and the diffusion weighted imaging confined to the optic disc head in a patient with pallid edema after intradialytic hypotension. Although DWI of the optic nerve is neither 100% specific nor 100% sensitive for ischemia, we believe that restricted diffusion of the optic nerve head in our case is a clinico-radiologic correlate to pallid edema in SIAION.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)e114-e115
JournalJournal of neuro-ophthalmology : the official journal of the North American Neuro-Ophthalmology Society
Volume41
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 1 2021

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

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