Restless legs syndrome (RLS) is clinically defined as an urge to move the legs with or without paresthesia, worsening of symptoms with rest and transient improvement with activity, and worsening of symptoms in the evening and night. This is often genetic but may also occur in the setting of iron deficiency, uremia, pregnancy, neuropathy, and possibly other conditions. The pathology is probably related to central nervous system iron dysregulation. Effective treatments include dopaminergics and narcotics. Recent advances in our understanding of RLS clinical presentation, epidemiology, etiology, and treatment will be discussed.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Clinical Neurology