Respiratory Motor Control Disrupted by Spinal Cord Injury: Mechanisms, Evaluation, and Restoration

Daniela G.L.Terson de Paleville, William B. McKay, Rodney J. Folz, Alexander V. Ovechkin

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

28 Scopus citations

Abstract

Pulmonary complications associated with persistent respiratory muscle weakness, paralysis, and spasticity are among the most important problems faced by patients with spinal cord injury when lack of muscle strength and disorganization of reciprocal respiratory muscle control lead to breathing insufficiency. This review describes the mechanisms of the respiratory motor control and its change in individuals with spinal cord injury, methods by which respiratory function is measured, and rehabilitative treatment used to restore respiratory function in those who have experienced such injury.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)463-473
Number of pages11
JournalTranslational Stroke Research
Volume2
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 2011

Keywords

  • Motor control
  • Rehabilitation
  • Respiratory function
  • Respiratory muscles
  • Spinal cord injury

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neuroscience(all)
  • Clinical Neurology
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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