Resource Utilization for Patients with Intracerebral Hemorrhage Transferred to a Comprehensive Stroke Center

Claude Nguyen, Osman Mir, Farhaan Vahidy, Tzu Ching Wu, Karen Albright, Amelia Boehme, Rigoberto Delgado, Sean Savitz

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

11 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background As a comprehensive stroke center (CSC), we accept transfer patients with intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH) in our region. CSC guidelines mandate receipt of patients with ICH for higher level of care. We determined resource utilization of patients accepted from outside hospitals compared with patients directly arriving to our center. Methods From our stroke registry, we compared patients with primary ICH transferred to those directly arriving to our CSC from March 2011-March 2012. We compared the proportion of patients who utilized at least one of these resources: neurointensive care unit (NICU), neurosurgical intervention, or clinical trial enrollment. Results Among the 362 patients, 210 (58%) were transfers. Transferred patients were older, had higher median Glasgow Coma Scale scores, and lower National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale scores than directly admitted patients. Transfers had smaller median ICH volumes (20.5 cc versus 15.2 cc; P =.04) and lower ICH scores (2.1 ± 1.4 versus 1.6 ± 1.3; P <.01). A smaller proportion of transfers utilized CSC-specific resources compared with direct admits (P =.02). Fewer transferred patients required neurosurgical intervention or were enrolled in trials. No significant difference was found in the proportion of patients who used NICU resources, although transferred patients had a significantly lower length of stay in the NICU. Average hospital stay costs were less for transferred patients than for direct admits. Conclusions Patients with ICH transferred to our CSC underwent fewer neurosurgical procedures and had a shorter stay in the NICU. These results were reflected in the lower per-patient costs in the transferred group. Our results raise the need to analyze cost-benefits and resource utilization of transferring patients with milder ICH.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2866-2874
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases
Volume24
Issue number12
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1 2015

Keywords

  • Stroke systems
  • comprehensive stroke center
  • hemorrhagic stroke
  • intracerebral hemorrhage

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Rehabilitation
  • Clinical Neurology
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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