Residents’ perception of air quality, pollution sources, and air pollution control in Nanchang, China

Xiong Liao, Hong Tu, Jay E. Maddock, Si Fan, Guilin Lan, Yanyan Wu, Zhao Kang Yuan, Yuanan Lu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

53 Scopus citations


To assess the public’s understanding of the main sources of air pollution in Nanchang and factors influencing their perceptions of Nanchang’s air quality status, a face–to–face survey data was collected at the provincial children's hospital and four kindergarten classes in Nanchang. A total of 989 parents with children between the ages of 2 to 10 years old participated in the survey. Among which 69% of respondents believed that the current air quality was worse than three years ago. This study reveals that parents who were under 40 years old of age with higher education level and international travel experience, had higher level awareness of air pollution. Men tend to have lower knowledge of air pollution as compared to women. The top three selected sources of air pollution were motor vehicles (78.5%), waste burning (56.3%) and industrial facilities (53.7%). In addition, 79.8% of respondents believed that the government did not spend enough on environmental protection and 96.8% suggested to increase government funding to improve air quality. The majority of respondents (>90%) strongly urges the Nanchang government to prioritize environmental protection. The findings from this study suggest the need for the government to improve the awareness of the main sources of air pollution, especially to residents of rural areas with lower levels of education, to more effectively and efficiently control air pollution in Nanchang.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)835-841
Number of pages7
JournalAtmospheric Pollution Research
Issue number5
StatePublished - Sep 1 2015


  • Air pollution
  • Child health
  • Nanchang
  • Resident perception

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Waste Management and Disposal
  • Pollution
  • Atmospheric Science


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