Requirement for IL-13 independently of IL-4 in experimental asthma

Gabriele Grünig, Martha Warnock, Adil E. Wakil, Rajeev Venkayya, Frank Brombacher, Donna M. Rennick, Dean Sheppard, Markus Mohrs, Debra D. Donaldson, Richard M. Locksley, David B. Corry

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1654 Scopus citations

Abstract

The pathogenesis of asthma reflects, in part, the activity of T cell cytokines. Murine models support participation of interleukin-4 (IL-4) and the IL-4 receptor in asthma. Selective neutralization of IL-13, a cytokine related to IL-4 that also binds to the α chain of the IL-4 receptor, ameliorated the asthma phenotype, including airways hyperresponsiveness, eosinophil recruitment, and mucus overproduction. Administration of either IL-13 or IL-4 conferred an asthma-like phenotype to nonimmunized T cell- deficient mice by an IL-4 receptor α chain-dependent pathway. This pathway may underlie the genetic associations of asthma with both the human 5q31 locus and the IL-4 receptor.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2261-2263
Number of pages3
JournalScience
Volume282
Issue number5397
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 18 1998

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General

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