Repurposing Kinase Inhibitor Bay 11-7085 to Combat Staphylococcus aureus and Candida albicans Biofilms

Iliana E. Escobar, Fernanda Cristina Possamai Rossatto, Soo Min Kim, Min Hee Kang, Wooseong Kim, Eleftherios Mylonakis

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Scopus citations


Staphylococcus aureus and Candida spp. are commonly linked with topical biofilm-associated infections such as those found on chronic wounds. These biofilms are notoriously difficult to treat, highlighting the grave need to discover and study new broad-spectrum agents to combat associated infections. Here we report that the kinase inhibitor Bay 11-7085 exhibited bactericidal activity against multidrug-resistant S. aureus with a minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) of 4 μg/ml. In addition, S. aureus strain MW2 did not acquire resistance to antibiotic pressure. Furthermore, Bay 11-7085 exhibited potency against Candida albicans and the emerging pathogen Candida auris with a MIC of 0.5–1 μg/ml. Bay 11-7085 partially inhibited and eradicated biofilm formation of various pathogens, such as VRSA (vancomycin-resistant S. aureus), as well as antifungal-resistant Candida spp. isolates. Notably, Bay 11-7085 partially inhibited initial cell attachment and formation of a VRSA-C. albicans polymicrobial biofilm in vitro. In contrast to C. albicans, inhibition of VRSA biofilm was linked to initial cell attachment independent of its bactericidal activity. Finally, Bay 11-7085 was effective in vivo at increasing the lifespan of C. elegans during an S. aureus and a C. albicans infection. Our work proposes kinase inhibitor Bay 11-7085 as a potential compound capable of combating biofilms associated with primary multidrug-resistant bacteria and yeast pathogens associated with wound infections.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number675300
JournalFrontiers in Pharmacology
StatePublished - May 5 2021


  • Bay 11-7085
  • C. elegans high through-put screening
  • Candida albicans
  • Staphylococcus aureus
  • antibiotic resistance
  • biofilms

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pharmacology
  • Pharmacology (medical)


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