Purpose: The risks and benefits of remote corticosteroid weaning in heart transplant recipients more than 2 years post-transplant are unknown. We compared outcomes in patients undergoing early and remote steroid weaning after heart transplantation. Methods: We performed a retrospective study (range 09, 1991–04, 2017). Primary outcomes included short-term and long-term mortality, allograft dysfunction, and burden of rejection. Secondary outcomes included impact on hemoglobin A1c, lipid panel, bone scan T-score, and body mass index. Results: 63 patients underwent corticosteroid weaning between 2012 and 2017. Outcomes of patients weaned early (n = 34; median time from transplant = 1.1 years) were compared with those weaned late (n = 29; median time from transplant = 4.4 years). 52 (82.5%) patients were successfully weaned off corticosteroids. No statistically significant difference in outcomes was found between the early and late weaning groups (p =.20). There were no differences in allograft function (p-value =.16), incidence of rejection (p =.46), or mortality (p =.15). Improvement in metabolic profile was seen in both groups but was not statistically significant. Conclusions: In heart transplant recipients, remote vs early weaning of corticosteroids is not associated with significant differences in graft function or the incidence of rejection after 1-year follow-up. Moreover, there were no significant differences in survival up to 3 years between the two groups.
- heart transplantation
ASJC Scopus subject areas