Reliability and Validity of the Perceived Racism Scale —Racism on the Job Subscale—in a Sample of Black Nurses

Arica Brandford, Anita Fernander, Mary Kay Rayens

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background and Purpose: We utilized the Perceived Racism Scale—Racism on the Job subscale—to assess how frequently Black nurses experienced racism on the job in the past year (ROTJ-Y) and throughout their lifetime (ROTJ-L). We aimed to assess the reliability and assess construct validity of each subscale in a sample of 53 nurses. Methods: Reliability was evaluated using coefficient alphas, item correlations, and interitem correlations. Construct validity was examined using exploratory factor analysis. Results: Results demonstrated that the subscales are reliable and valid. Coefficient alphas for the ROTJ-Y and ROTJ-L were .93 and .91, respectively. Exploratory factor analysis revealed a unidimensional factor for both subscales. Conclusion: This study demonstrated that the Racism on the Job subscales are psychometrically sound measures of workplace racism among Black nurses.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)157-164
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Nursing Measurement
Volume32
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - 2024

Keywords

  • African American/Black
  • measurement/statistical methods
  • nursing
  • occupational health
  • racism
  • registered nurses

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Nursing(all)

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