Release of matrix metalloproteinases following alcohol septal ablation in hypertrophic obstructive cardiomyopathy

William S. Bradham, Himali Gunasinghe, Jennifer R. Holder, Marlina Multani, Donna Killip, Marianne Anderson, Denise Meyer, William H. Spencer, Guillermo Torre, Francis G. Spinale

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

22 Scopus citations


OBJECTIVES: This study examined plasma levels of certain matrix metalloproteinase (MMP) and tissue inhibitor of matrix metalloproteinase (TIMP) species before and after alcohol-induced myocardial infarction (MI) in patients with hypertrophic obstructive cardiomyopathy (HOCM). BACKGROUND: Matrix metalloproteinases contribute to tissue remodeling, and endogenous control of MMP activity is achieved by the concordant release and binding of TIMPs. Animal models of MI have demonstrated a role for MMP activation in myocardial remodeling. However, the temporal relationship of MMP and TIMP release following a controlled myocardial injury in humans remains unknown. METHODS: Plasma levels for the gelatinases MMP-2 and MMP-9, and for the coliagenases MMP-8 and MMP-13, as well as TIMP-1 profiles were examined (by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay) at baseline and serially up to 60 h following alcohol injection into the septal perforator artery in order to induce an MI in 51 patients with HOCM (age 55 ± 2 years). RESULTS: Plasma creatine kinase (MB isoform), indicating myocardial injury, increased 2,150% 18 h post-MI (p < 0.05). Plasma MMP-9 increased by over 400% and MMP-8 by over 100% from baseline values by 12 h post-MI (p < 0.05 vs. baseline). A similar temporal profile was not observed for MMP-2 and MMP-13. In addition, a concomitant increase in plasma TIMP-1 levels did not occur post-MI. As a result, MMP/TIMP stoichiometry (MMP-9/ TIMP-1 ratio) increased significantly post-MI, suggestive of reduced TIMP-1 mediated MMP-9 inhibition, which would potentially enhance extracellular myocardial remodeling. CONCLUSIONS: These unique results demonstrated that induction of a controlled myocardial injury in humans, specifically through alcohol-induced MI, caused species- and time-dependent perturbations of MMP/TIMP stoichiometry that would facilitate myocardial remodeling in the early post-MI setting.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2165-2173
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of the American College of Cardiology
Issue number12
StatePublished - Dec 18 2002

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine


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