The relationship among organism growth, immunopathology, and survival was studied in C57BL/6 and A/J mice acutely infected with Mycobacterium tuberculosis (MTB) (Erdman). Although organisms grew at similar rates in the lungs of both mouse strains, A/J mice died prior to 14 days after infection, whereas C57BL/6 mice survived twice as long. The lungs of A/J mice exhibited necrotizing interstitial inflammation and widely distributed acid-fast bacilli without granuloma formation. In contrast, the lungs of C57BL/6 mice had relatively mild interstitial inflammation, which was replaced by focal granulomas, and acid-fast bacilli were primarily within granulomas. MTB induced similar granulomas for A/J and C57BL/6 mice in spleen and liver. In the lung, the A/J mice produced only transient messages for interferon-γ (IFN-γ), interleukin-1β (IL-1β), tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α), IL-10, and inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS). The C57BL/6 mice, in contrast, produced a delayed but sustained response in the lung correlating with granuloma onset and characterized by high induction of IL-6, IFN-γ IL-1β, IL-10, and TNF-α. Responses in the liver and spleen were also evaluated. These results demonstrate that histopathology and cytokine response to MTB infection varies among organs in mice. Increased survival during acute infection may, therefore, depend on the ability to contain organisms within granulomas in the lung.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cell Biology