Relation of Institutional Mitral Valve Surgical Volume to Surgical and Transcatheter Outcomes in Medicare Patients

Colin M. Barker, Matthew R. Reynolds, Michael J. Reardon, Joanna L. Van Houten, Shannon M.E. Murphy, Sarah A. Mollenkopf, Ted E. Feldman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

There are limited data to support proposed increases to the minimum institutional mitral valve (MV) surgery volume required to begin a transcatheter mitral valve repair (TMVr) program. The current study examined the association between institutional MV procedure volumes and outcomes. All 2017 Medicare fee-for-service patients who received a TMVr or MV surgery procedure were included and analyzed separately. The exposure was institutional MV surgery volume: low (1 to 24), medium (25 to 39) or high (40+). Outcomes were in-hospital mortality and 1-year postdischarge mortality and cardiovascular rehospitalization. For MV surgery patients, in-hospital mortality rates were 6.4% at low-volume, 8.7% at medium-volume and 9.8% at high-volume facilities. Rates were significantly higher for low-volume [OR = 1.50, 95% CI (1.23 to 1.84)] and medium-volume [OR = 1.33, 95% CI (1.06 to 1.67)] compared with high-volume facilities. There was no statistically significant relationship between institutional MV surgery volume and in-hospital mortality for TMVr patients, either at low-volume [OR = 1.52, 95% CI (0.56, 4.13)] or medium-volume [OR = 1.58, 95% CI (0.82, 3.02)] facilities, compared with high-volume facilities. Across all volume categories, in-hospital mortality rates for TMVr patients were relatively low (2.3% on average). For both cohorts, the rates of 1-year mortality and cardiovascular rehospitalizations were not significantly higher at low- or medium-volume MV surgery facilities, as compared with high-volume. In conclusion, among Medicare patients, there was a relation between institutional MV surgery volume and in-hospital mortality for MV surgery patients, but not for TMVr patients.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)94-100
Number of pages7
JournalAmerican Journal of Cardiology
Volume147
DOIs
StateAccepted/In press - 2021

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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