Regulation of Immune Responses by Spontaneous and T cell-mediated Dendritic Cell Death

Min Chen, Jin Wang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

In response to antigen stimulations, cells in the immune system undergo dynamic activation, differentiation, expansion and turnover. Programmed cell death is important for maintaining homeostasis of different cell types in the immune system. Dendritic cells (DCs) are a heterogeneous population of antigen presenting cells that capture, process and present antigens to stimulate lymphocytes. DCs have also emerged as major regulators of both innate and adaptive immune responses. Conventional myeloid DCs are relatively short-lived compared to lymphocytes in lymphoid organs. Mitochondrion-dependent apoptosis governed by Bcl-2 family members plays a major role in regulating spontaneous DC turnover. Killing of DCs by antigen-specific T cells also provides a negative feedback mechanism to restrict the duration and the scope of immune responses. Defects in cell death in DCs lead to DC accumulation, resulting in overactivation of lymphocytes and the development of autoimmunity in mice. Programmed cell death in DCs may play essential roles in the regulation of the duration and magnitude of immune responses, and in the protection against autoimmunity and uncontrolled inflammation.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalJournal of clinical & cellular immunology
VolumeS3
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 11 2011

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