Regression of left ventricular hypertrophy after nonsurgical septal reduction therapy for hypertrophic obstructive cardiomyopathy

Wojciech Mazur, Sherif Nagueh, Nasser M. Lakkis, Katherine J. Middleton, Donna Killip, Robert Roberts, William H. Spencer

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

118 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background - Hypertrophic obstructive cardiomyopathy (HOCM) is characterized by left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH) in the absence of increased external load. Recently, nonsurgical septal reduction therapy (NSRT) with intracoronary ethanol has been introduced to treat severely symptomatic patients with outflow tract obstruction. Its long-term effects on LV mass, however, are unknown. Methods and Results - The LV size, function, and outflow tract gradient of 26 HOCM patients (53 ±15 years old) who underwent NSRT were assessed by echocardiography at baseline and 1 and 2 years after the procedure. LVH was evaluated by wall thickness of individual myocardial segments, planimetered myocardial area, and mass. The outflow gradient decreased from 36±6 mm Hg before NSRT to 0±3 mm Hg at 2 years (P<0.001), with patients experiencing symptomatic improvement (P<0.05). LV end-diastolic and end-systolic dimensions increased significantly at both 1 and 2 years (P<0.001). All parameters of LVH showed evidence of regression. LV mass decreased (301±78 g at baseline, 223±5 g at 1 year, and 190±58 g at 2 years; P<0.01), with the 2-year reduction in mass related to infarct size and the acute reduction in outflow tract gradient (r=0.48, P<0.05 and r=0.63, P<0.01, respectively). Conclusions - NSRT results in LV remodeling that is characterized by an increase in LV size and a decrease in the extent of LVH.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1492-1496
Number of pages5
JournalCirculation
Volume103
Issue number11
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 20 2001

Keywords

  • Cardiomyopathy
  • Hypertrophy
  • Remodeling

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physiology
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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