Reduction and Mastopexy of the Reconstructed Breast: Special Considerations in Free Flap Reconstruction

Sarosh N. Zafar, Warren A. Ellsworth

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations


Autologous breast reconstruction is capable of creating a breast that closely resembles a natural breast. Reduction and mastopexy in this type of reconstruction yields several challenges to the reconstructive surgeon. Revision surgery is common to achieve symmetry; however, reduction, mastopexy, and other revision techniques are sparse in the current literature. Often, these techniques are passed from mentor to student during plastic surgery training or are learned with experience in managing one's own patients. Reviewing anatomical principles unique to this subset of patients is essential. We must also consider factors unique to this group including the effects of delayed reconstruction, radiation, skin paddle size, and flap volume. In this article, the authors describe some of the common principles used by experienced reconstructive surgeons to perform reduction and mastopexy in autologous breast reconstruction to achieve a natural, aesthetically pleasing breast reconstruction. In addition, they have included several case examples to further illustrate these principles.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)110-121
Number of pages12
JournalSeminars in Plastic Surgery
Issue number2
StatePublished - May 1 2015


  • autologous breast reconstruction
  • breast cancer
  • breast reduction
  • mastopexy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery


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