Reduced gastric acid inhibitory effect of a pGIP(1-30)NH2 fragment with potent pancreatic amylase inhibitory activity

Wojciech J. Rossowski, Susan Zacharia, Zeynel Mungan, Vahit Ozmen, Atilla Ertan, Lisa M. Baylor, Ning Yi Jiang, David H. Coy

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

20 Scopus citations

Abstract

Gastric inhibitory polypeptide (GIP) strongly stimulates insulin secretion in the presence of glucose and also stimulates somatostatin release from gastric mucosa. It was reported recently that both stimulatory activities can be dissociated by removing the C-terminal 12 amino acid residues. Since insulin and somatostatin are involved in regulation of exocrine pancreatic and gastric secretion in rats, we compared the inhibitory effects of pGIP and the pGIP(1-30)NH2 fragment on pancreatic amylase and gastric acid secretion. pGIP(1-30)NH2 displayed full activity on inhibition of bonbesin (BN)-stimulated amylase release relative to GIP itself, but was about 10-fold less potent in inhibiting gastric acid secretion. These results suggest that the receptors involved in these two events have quite different ligand binding requirements and that more specific analogues of GIP can be designed which should be of value in elucidating the physiological roles of this hormone.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)9-17
Number of pages9
JournalRegulatory Peptides
Volume39
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 29 1992

Keywords

  • Bombesin-stimulated amylase secretion
  • Chronic gastric fistula rat
  • Gastric acid secretion
  • Gastric inhibitory polypeptide
  • pGIP
  • pGIP(1-30)NH

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neuroscience(all)
  • Physiology
  • Endocrinology
  • Biochemistry

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