The purpose of this study was to evaluate a technique that accelerates intimal hyperplasia by reduction of blood flow. Bilateral endarterectomies were performed in both femoral and carotid arteries in six dogs. One week later, all animals underwent banding of an artery distal to the injured region to reduce the blood flow by 50%. The contralateral injured arteries served as controls. At 11 weeks, the specimens were harvested and analyzed. Five of 12 (42%) of the flow-restricted arteries and nine of 12 (75%) of the non-flow-restricted arteries were patent at 11 weeks (P<0.05). Marked stenotic intimal hyperplastic lesions developed in the flow-restricted arteries (69% stenosis) as compared with the non-flow-restricted arteries (37% stenosis). Mean(s.d.) intimal thickness, intimal areas, and intimal/medial area ratio were 0.52(0.19) mm, 3.17(1.11) mm2, and 1.12(0.33)%, respectively, in the flow-restricted arteries. Their counterparts in the non-flow-restricted arteries were 0.21(0.09) mm, 1.70(1.09) mm2, and 0.58(0.14)%, respectively (P<0.05). Extracellular matrix comprised 48% of total intimal volumes in the flow-restricted arteries. Cell proliferation and occluded arteries were also characterized. These data demonstrate that reduction of blood flow significantly accelerated intimal hyperplasia and occlusion rates in endarterectomized arteries. Advanced intimal hyperplastic lesions (>50% stenosis) possess a high extracellular matrix content. This new animal model is a reliable generator of advanced stenotic lesions in a relatively short time period and can be used to study biologic mechanisms of stenosis and evaluate therapeutic interventions.
- Intimal hyperplasia
- Shear stress
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
- Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging