Recovering spikes from noisy neuronal calcium signals via structured sparse approximation

Eva L. Dyer, Marco F. Duarte, Don H. Johnson, Richard G. Baraniuk

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

6 Scopus citations

Abstract

Two-photon calcium imaging is an emerging experimental technique that enables the study of information processing within neural circuits in vivo. While the spatial resolution of this technique permits the calcium activity of individual cells within the field of view to be monitored, inferring the precise times at which a neuron emits a spike is challenging because spikes are hidden within noisy observations of the neuron's calcium activity. To tackle this problem, we introduce the use of sparse approximation methods for recovering spikes from the time-varying calcium activity of neurons. We derive sufficient conditions for exact recovery of spikes with respect to (i) the decay rate of the spike-evoked calcium event and (ii) the maximum firing rate of the cell under test. We find-both in theory and in practice-that standard sparse recovery methods are not sufficient to recover spikes from noisy calcium signals when the firing rate of the cell is high, suggesting that in order to guarantee exact recovery of spike times, additional constraints must be incorporated into the recovery procedure. Hence, we introduce an iterative framework for structured sparse approximation that is capable of achieving superior performance over standard sparse recovery methods by taking into account knowledge that spikes are non-negative and also separated in time. We demonstrate the utility of our approach on simulated calcium signals in various amounts of additive Gaussian noise and under different degrees of model mismatch.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationLatent Variable Analysis and Signal Separation - 9th International Conference, LVA/ICA 2010, Proceedings
Pages604-611
Number of pages8
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 22 2010
Event9th International Conference on Latent Variable Analysis and Signal Separation, LVA/ICA 2010 - St. Malo, France
Duration: Sep 27 2010Sep 30 2010

Publication series

NameLecture Notes in Computer Science (including subseries Lecture Notes in Artificial Intelligence and Lecture Notes in Bioinformatics)
Volume6365 LNCS
ISSN (Print)0302-9743
ISSN (Electronic)1611-3349

Other

Other9th International Conference on Latent Variable Analysis and Signal Separation, LVA/ICA 2010
CountryFrance
CitySt. Malo
Period9/27/109/30/10

Keywords

  • coherent dictionaries
  • exact support recovery
  • spike recovery
  • structured sparse approximation
  • Two-photon calcium imaging

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Computer Science(all)
  • Theoretical Computer Science

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