Reactivity of nitric oxide with cytochrome c oxidase: Interactions with the binuclear centre and mechanism of inhibition

Jaume Torres, Chris E. Cooper, Martyn Sharpe, Michael T. Wilson

Research output: Contribution to journalShort survey

16 Scopus citations

Abstract

Nitric oxide (NO) has recently been recognized as an important biological mediator that inhibits respiration at cytochrome c oxidase (CcO). This inhibition is reversible and shows competition with oxygen, the K(i) being lower at low oxygen concentrations. Although the species that binds NO in turnover has been suggested to contain a partially reduced binuclear center, the exact mechanism of the inhibition is not clear. Recently, rapid (ms) redox reactions of NO with the binuclear center have been reported, e.g., the ejection of an electron to cytochrome a and the depletion of the intermediates P and F. These observations have been rationalized within a scheme in which NO reacts with oxidized Cu(B) leading to the reduction of this metal center and formation of nitrite in a very fast reaction. Electron migration from Cu(B) to other redox sites within the enzyme is proposed to explain the optical transitions observed. The relevance of these reactions to the inhibition of CcO and metabolism of NO are discussed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)63-69
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Bioenergetics and Biomembranes
Volume30
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - 1998

Keywords

  • Copper
  • Cytochrome c oxidase
  • Inhibition
  • Mechanism
  • Nitric oxide
  • Respiration

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physiology
  • Cell Biology

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