Re-treatment of locally recurrent uveal melanoma with repeat eye plaque I-125 brachytherapy: A single institution experience

Kevin Tran, Amy C. Schefler, Neil Chevli, Naomi Hasegawa, Forrest Ivey, Devin Olek, Maria E. Bretana, Ramiro Pino, Edward Brian Butler, Bin S. Teh

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Purpose: Eye plaque brachytherapy (EPBT) is the most common treatment for uveal melanoma with high local control rates of 95–100%. When local recurrences occur following EPBT, salvage options include enucleation, transpupillary thermotherapy (TTT), external beam radiation, or re-irradiation with EPBT. The purpose of this study is to report our institution's experience with EPBT re-irradiation for locally recurrent uveal melanoma. Methods AND MATERIALS: Patients were included if they were previously treated for uveal melanoma with EPBT, experienced local recurrence, and were subsequently treated at our institution with EPBT from 2016– 2020. Results: A total of 5 patients with median age 68 years were included. All patients were initially treated at an outside institution (OSI) with Iodine-125 or Ruthenium-106 EPBT. Mean time between EPBT at the OSI and EPBT at our facility was 130 months (range 28–231 months). Patients were re-irradiated with Iodine-125 EPBT prescribed to 85 Gy over 168 hours. Median follow up after re-treatment at our center was 24 months. Local control among this cohort was 100%. Metastasis occurred in two patients after re-treatment, at 8 months and 7 months. At last follow up, all treated lesions were decreased in size. Four patients experienced worsening visual acuity. Four patients developed cataracts, while two patients developed radiation retinopathy with cystoid macular edema requiring anti-VEGF injections. One patient developed radiation retinopathy but did not require injections. No patients required enucleation. ConclusioNS: Re-treatment of locally recurrent uveal melanomas with EPBT is a feasible alternative to enucleation with a high local control rate. Ocular toxicities have not been significant enough to require enucleation.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalBrachytherapy
DOIs
StateAccepted/In press - 2024

Keywords

  • Brachytherapy
  • Recurrent uveal melanoma
  • Reirradiation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging

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