Rate of port-site metastasis is uncommon in patients undergoing robotic surgery for gynecological malignancies

Bih T. Ndofor, Pamela T. Soliman, Kathleen M. Schmeler, Alpa M. Nick, Michael Frumovitz, Pedro T. Ramirez

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

39 Scopus citations


Objective: To describe the rate of port-site metastasis in patients who underwent robotic surgery for suspected gynecological malignancy. Methods: Using a prospective database, we identified all patients who underwent robotic surgery performed by the Gynecologic Oncology service at 1 institution between December 2006 and March 2010. Records of patients with confirmed malignancy were reviewed for clinicopathological data and information about port-site metastasis. Results: One hundred eighty-one patients met the inclusion criteria. The median age was 55.4 years (range, 19Y82 years), and the median body mass index was 29.6 kg/m2 (range, 17.9Y70.7 kg/m2). Port-site metastases were detected in 2 patients (1.1%) at 3 weeks (patient 1) and 11 months (patient 2) after surgery. Patient 1 underwent surgery for an adnexal mass, and pathological examination revealed gallbladder adenocarcinoma metastatic to the ovary. She had a recurrence in the right lateral abdominal wall robotic trocar site with concurrent metastases in the gallbladder fossa and liver. Patient 2 was diagnosed with adenocarcinoma of unclear (cervical vs endometrial) origin. Imaging showed metastases in pelvic and para-aortic lymph nodes. She underwent laparoscopy and was found intraoperatively to have gross disease on the right ovary. The patient underwent right salpingooophorectomy and chemoradiation. She had residual disease in the cervix and subsequently underwent robotic hysterectomy and left salpingo-oophorectomy. Pathological examination revealed endometrial cancer. She had a recurrence at the transumbilical trocar site concurrent with retroperitoneal lymphadenopathy and carcinomatosis. There were no cases of isolated port-site metastasis. Conclusions: The rate of port-site metastasis after robotic surgery in women with gynecological cancer is low and similar to the rate for laparoscopic procedures.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)936-940
Number of pages5
JournalInternational Journal of Gynecological Cancer
Issue number5
StatePublished - Jul 2011


  • Cervical cancer
  • Laparoscopy
  • Ovarian cancer
  • Port-site metastasis/recurrence
  • Robotic
  • Uterine cancer

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Obstetrics and Gynecology


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