Rapid recovery of helper activity following T cell depleted allogeneic marrow transplant

J. Z. Wimperis, M. K. Brenner, H. G. Drexler, A. V. Hoffbrand, H. G. Prentice

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

9 Scopus citations

Abstract

Within the first year after T cell depleted bone marrow transplantation, co-cultures of T cells and non-T cells from 32 insdividual recipients examined on 43 occasions generally failed to produce increased quantities of immunoglobulin in response to stimulation with pokeweed mitogen or B cell differentiation factor. Failure occurred even in the presence of significant numbers of CD20+ve B cells. The non-production of Ig appears to be due to a functional B cell defect, since adding marrow donor (syngeneic) T cells to recipient B cells in the presence of PWM or conditioned medium did not lead to immunoglobulin production. This B cell deficit persisted for 1 years. In contrast helper activity in the recipient T cell enriched population returns rapidly and by 6 weeks after transplant co-cultures of marrow donor B cells and recipient T cells produce comparable amounts of Ig to co-cultures of donor T and B cells. This prolonged defect of B cell function in vitro correlates with a year long delay before humoral responses to novel vaccine antigens can be elicited in vivo.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)601-610
Number of pages10
JournalClinical and Experimental Immunology
Volume69
Issue number3
StatePublished - 1987

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology and Allergy
  • Immunology

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