Rapid prototyping of nanofluidic systems using size-reduced electrospun nanofibers for biomolecular analysis

Seung Min Park, Yun Suk Huh, Kylan Szeto, Daniel J. Joe, Jun Kameoka, Geoffrey W. Coates, Joshua B. Edel, David Erickson, Harold G. Craighead

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

16 Scopus citations

Abstract

Biomolecular transport in nanofluidic confinement offers various means to investigate the behavior of biomolecules in their native aqueous environments, and to develop tools for diverse single-molecule manipulations. Recently, a number of simple nanofluidic fabrication techniques has been demonstrated that utilize electrospun nanofibers as a backbone structure. These techniques are limited by the arbitrary dimension of the resulting nanochannels due to the random nature of electrospinning. Here, a new method for fabricating nanofluidic systems from size-reduced electrospun nanofibers is reported and demonstrated. As it is demonstrated, this method uses the scanned electrospinning technique for generation of oriented sacrificial nanofibers and exposes these nanofibers to harsh, but isotropic etching/heating environments to reduce their cross-sectional dimension. The creation of various nanofluidic systems as small as 20 nm is demonstrated, and practical examples of single biomolecular handling, such as DNA elongation in nanochannels and fluorescence correlation spectroscopic analysis of biomolecules passing through nanochannels, are provided. A scanned electrospinning technique for the generation of oriented sacrificial nanofibers is presented, and these nanofibers are exposed to harsh but isotropic heating (M1) and etching (M2) environments to reduce their cross-sectional dimension. With new nanofabrication methods, the creation of various nanofluidic systems as small as 20 nm is demonstrated, and practical biomolecular handling applications are provided.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2420-2426
Number of pages7
JournalSmall
Volume6
Issue number21
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 5 2010

Keywords

  • electrospinning
  • nanofiber control
  • nanofluidic systems

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biomaterials
  • Engineering (miscellaneous)
  • Biotechnology
  • Medicine(all)

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