Radiology and Lung Cancer Screening

Patricia De Groot, Reginald F. Munden

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

Abstract

Lung cancer is the leading cause of cancer mortality in the world, and is strongly linked with tobacco use. Screening for lung cancer in a targeted high-risk heavily smoking population has been controversial until recently. In 2010, the National Lung Screening Trial demonstrated a 20% reduction in lung cancer mortality and a smaller decrease in all-cause mortality using low dose CT screening protocols over chest radiographs. As a result, many professional organizations have issued screening guidelines, including the National Comprehensive Cancer Network, the American Cancer Society and the American Association of Thoracic Surgeons. There are still a number of questions to be answered, including optimal populations for screening, screening protocols, the risks and benefits of screening, and cost-effectiveness.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationLung Cancer: Fourth Edition
PublisherWiley
Pages176-190
Number of pages15
Volume9781118468746
ISBN (Print)9781118468791, 9781118468746
DOIs
StatePublished - May 27 2014

Keywords

  • Adenocarcinoma
  • Cancer screening
  • Ground glass nodules
  • Lung cancer
  • NLST
  • Screening risks
  • Tobacco cessation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

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