Radiologic findings in infected and noninfected scleral buckles

Ahmad M. Mansour, D. P. Han, J. E. Kim, S. H. Uwaydat, A. Sibai, W. A. Medawar, H. K F Li, J. A. Rjeily, H. I. Salti, Z. Bashshur, M. Hourani

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

4 Scopus citations

Abstract

PURPOSE. To present the radiologic findings in scleral buckle infections and in the early postoperative period after scleral buckling. METHODS. Retrospective multicenter orbital computed tomography (CT) study of 14 patients and brain magnetic resonance (MR) in one patient with scleral buckle infections, some with the referring diagnosis of endophthalmitis, proliferative vitreoretinopathy, orbital cellulitis, or unilateral headache. The control population consisted of early postoperative prospective CT study of 38 consecutive patients with scleral buckle without clinical infection. RESULTS. Diffuse scleral thickening and preseptal soft tissue swelling were noted in acute scleral buckle infections. Scleral thickening decreased radiologically following prompt antibiotic therapy in five patients with acute infections. Silicone sponge had low attenuation without infection and high attenuation with infection. In chronically infected scleral buckle, the sclera was thickened around the buckle, with scleral melt under the buckle. MR showed increased signal intensity in the preseptal region in one patient with chronic fungal infection. In the controls, two had thickening of the sclera without soft tissue swelling. CONCLUSIONS. CT or MR can assist in the early diagnosis and management of scleral buckle infections.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)804-811
Number of pages8
JournalEuropean Journal of Ophthalmology
Volume17
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - 2007

Keywords

  • CT orbit
  • MR orbit
  • Scleral buckle
  • Scleral buckle infection

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ophthalmology

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