Pulmonary embolism: CT signs and cardiac biomarkers for predicting right ventricular dysfunction

T. Henzler, S. Roeger, M. Meyer, U. J. Schoepf, J. W. Nance, D. Haghi, W. E. Kaminski, M. Neumaier, S. O. Schoenberg, C. Fink

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

78 Scopus citations

Abstract

The aim of this study was to prospectively evaluate the accuracy of quantitative cardiac computed tomography (CT) parameters and two cardiac biomarkers (N-terminal-pro-brain natriuretic peptide (NT-pro-BNP) and troponin I), alone and in combination, for predicting right ventricular dysfunction (RVD) in patients with acute pulmonary embolism. 557 consecutive patients with suspected pulmonary embolism underwent pulmonary CT angiography. Patients with pulmonary embolism also underwent echocardiography and NT-pro-BNP/troponin I serum level measurements. Three different CT measurements were obtained (right ventricular (RV)/left ventricular (LV)axial, RV/LV4-CH and RV/LVvolume). CT measurements and NT-pro-BNP/troponin I serum levels were correlated with RVD at echocardiography. 77 patients with RVD showed significantly higher RV/LV ratios and NT-pro-BNP/troponin I levels compared to those without RVD (RV/LVaxial 1.68±0.84 versus 1.00±0.21; RV/LV4-CH 1.52±0.45 versus 1.01±0.21; RV/LVvolume 1.97±0.53 versus 1.07±0.52; serum NT-pro-BNP 6,372±2,319 versus 1,032±1,559 ng·L-1; troponin I 0.18±0.41 versus 0.06±0.18 g·L-1). The area under the curve for the detection of RVD of RV/LVaxial, RV/LV4-CH, RV/LVvolume, NT-pro-BNP and troponin I were 0.84, 0.87, 0.93, 0.83 and 0.70 respectively. The combination of biomarkers and RV/LVvolume increased the AUC to 0.95 (RV/LVvolume with NT-pro-BNP) and 0.93 (RV/LVvolume with troponin I). RV/LVvolume is the most accurate CT parameter for identifying patients with RVD. A combination of RV/LVvolume with NT-pro-BNP or troponin I measurements improves the diagnostic accuracy of either test alone. Copyright

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)919-926
Number of pages8
JournalEuropean Respiratory Journal
Volume39
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 1 2012

Keywords

  • Cardiopulmonary inter-relationships
  • Cardiopulmonary testing
  • Cardiovascular
  • Computed tomography
  • Critical care medicine
  • Pulmonary circulation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine

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