Psychological profile of college students who use smokeless tobacco

John P. Foreyt, Andrew S. Jackson, William G. Squires, G. Harley Hartung, Tinker D. Murray, Antonio Gotto

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

19 Scopus citations


The purpose of this study was to develop a psychological profile of smokeless tobacco users. We surveyed 1991 college students regarding their use of tobacco products. Twenty-one percent of the white males used smokeless tobacco compared to only 10.4% of blacks, 5.4% of Hispanics, and 5.4% of others, primarily Asians. Although the prevalence of smokeless tobacco use reported by Asians was relatively low, their rate of reported smoking was over twice s high as any other enthnic group, 43.6%. The most important reasons for beginning to use smokeless tobacco were to "see if I would enjoy it," 'most friends used it," and "try something new." The personality of the smokeless tobacco users differed from that of smokers and non-users of tobacco. College students with the highest probability of being a smokeless tobacco user were white males who scored higher in extraversion and neuroticism but lower on state anxiety than non-users.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)107-116
Number of pages10
JournalAddictive Behaviors
Issue number2
StatePublished - 1993

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine (miscellaneous)
  • Clinical Psychology
  • Toxicology
  • Psychiatry and Mental health


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