Protocol for a multicenter randomized, double blind, controlled pilot trial of higher neural function in overactive bladder patients after anticholinergic, beta-3 adrenergic agonist, or placebo

Rachel A. High, Jill M. Danford, Zhaoyue Shi, Christof Karmonik, Thomas J. Kuehl, Erin T. Bird, Rose Khavari

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Introduction: Overactive bladder (OAB) syndrome has a negative impact on quality of life and prevalence increases with advanced age. Anticholinergics (AC) and beta-3 adrenergic agonists (β3a) are commonly prescribed medications for treatment of OAB. AC medication has been associated with dementia in population studies and with cortical atrophy in imaging studies. Higher neural effects of both classes of OAB medications have not been evaluated with functional neuroimaging. Longitudinal clinical assessments of cognition after OAB therapy with AC has produced conflicting results. β3a medication is has not been associated with dementia in clinical studies; however, higher neural effects are unknown. Our multicenter, double blind, randomized, placebo-controlled trial uses functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) and cognitive testing to evaluate the effects of AC and β3a on brain functional connectivity in females with non-neurogenic OAB. Methods and Analysis: and analysis: Female patients with OAB symptoms ages 50–90 years old without baseline cognitive impairment, moderate to severe depression or anxiety, neurologic disorders, or significant incomplete bladder emptying are invited to participate. Subjects are randomized to one of three interventions for 29 ± 1 day: AC (Solifenacin succinate, Teva), β3a (Mirabegron, Myrbetriq, Astellas), or placebo. Functional neuroimaging data at baseline and post-intervention will be analyzed accordingly. Clinical cognitive assessments will be compared from baseline to post-intervention. Ethics: All qualifying patients are properly consented before enrolling in this study that has been approved by the Institutional Review Board of participating institutions.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number100621
JournalContemporary Clinical Trials Communications
Volume19
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 2020

Keywords

  • Cognitive dysfunction
  • Mirabegron
  • Overactive bladder syndrome
  • Solifenacin
  • Urinary incontinence

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pharmacology

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