Proteolytic Remodeling of Perineuronal Nets: Effects on Synaptic Plasticity and Neuronal Population Dynamics

P Lorenzo Bozzelli, Seham Alaiyed, Eunyoung Kim, Sonia Villapol, Katherine Conant

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

31 Scopus citations

Abstract

The perineuronal net (PNN) represents a lattice-like structure that is prominently expressed along the soma and proximal dendrites of parvalbumin- (PV-) positive interneurons in varied brain regions including the cortex and hippocampus. It is thus apposed to sites at which PV neurons receive synaptic input. Emerging evidence suggests that changes in PNN integrity may affect glutamatergic input to PV interneurons, a population that is critical for the expression of synchronous neuronal population discharges that occur with gamma oscillations and sharp-wave ripples. The present review is focused on the composition of PNNs, posttranslation modulation of PNN components by sulfation and proteolysis, PNN alterations in disease, and potential effects of PNN remodeling on neuronal plasticity at the single-cell and population level.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number5735789
Pages (from-to)5735789
JournalNeural Plasticity
Volume2018
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2018

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neurology
  • Clinical Neurology

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