Background. - Parosteal osteosarcoma with dedifferentiation provides a useful model to study tumor progression from an indolent locally aggressive neoplasm to highly lethal metastasizing malignancy. Up-regulation of the proteolytic enzymes participating in stromal degradation is known to promote invasive growth and metastasis of several human and experimental tumors. Methods. - The expression patterns of urokinasase plasminogen activator (u- PA), its cell-surface receptor (u-PAR), and cathepsin B were analyzed by immunohistochemical techniques in 11 cases of parosteal osteosarcoma and in 4 cases of dedifferentiated parosteal osteosarcoma. Results. - Both enzymes and the receptor were coexpressed in most tumor cells of parosteal and dedifferentiated parosteal osteosarcoma. Their expression was strikingly enhanced in the dedifferentiated high-grade component of the tumors. Tumor cells involved in bone production (ie, those adjacent to tumor produced bone trabeculae) exhibited equally strong expression of u-PA, u-PAR, and cathepsin B, regardless of their histologic grade. Expression of u-PA, u-PAR, and cathepsin B was undetectable in the 'normalized' cells embedded in the well- developed tumor bone trabeculae. Conclusion. - These data indicate that u-PA and its interacting molecules, such as u-PAR and cathepsin B, may have some contributory effects on the metastatic potential of tumor cells in dedifferentiated parosteal osteosarcoma.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||9|
|Journal||Archives of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine|
|State||Published - 1999|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pathology and Forensic Medicine
- Medical Laboratory Technology