A total of 202 evaluable cancer patients were randomly assigned to receive or not receive oral clotrimazole as antifungal prophylaxis during hospitalization. Oropharyngeal candidiasis occurred in 1% of the former patients and 27% of the latter patients (P < .00001). Candida sp were cultured from the initial throat specimens of 53 control patients and 55 patients who received prophylaxis. Oropharyngeal candidiasis subsequently developed in 2% of the former patients and 38% of the latter patients (P = <.00001). Oral clotrimazole is an effective agent for prophylaxis of oropharyngeal candidiasis in susceptible cancer patients.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cancer Research