Prophylaxis and management of biliary complications after orthotopic liver transplantation

Yi Ma, Xiao Shun He, Xiao Feng Zhu, Guo Dong Wang, Dong Ping Wang, Wei Qiang Ju, Lin Wei Wu, An Bin Hu, Qiang Tai

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

2 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objective: To investigate the risk factors of biliary complications after orthotopic liver transplantation (OLTx) and the relevant prevention and management strategies. Methods: The clinical data of 368 patients undergoing allograft orthotopic liver transplantation, 282 males and 86 females, aged 47.5 (8-73), were collected and analyzed retrospectively. Results: Of the 368 OLTx patients, 36 (9.8%) experienced biliary complications, including simple anatomosis biliary leakage(7 cases), biliary leakage due to injury and omission of accessory hepatic duct (1 case), anastomosis stricture (5 cases), intrahepatic bile duct stricture(3 cases), bile duct stricture secondary to bile duct twist(1 case), calculus of intrahepatic duct(2 cases), bile duct stricture secondary to biliary leakage(2 cases), bile duct stricture combined with intrahepatic biloma (2 cases), bile duct stricture combined with biliary sludge (2 cases), biliary cast syndrome (5 cases), hemobilia (1 case), intrahepatic abscess (3 cases) and Oddi's sphincter dysfunction (2 cases). Among the 36 patients with biliary complications, 23 were cured by nonsurgical therapies; and 13 patients needed abdominal surgical interventions, including retransplantation in 7 cases. Conclusion: Biliary complications after OLT are difficult to treat. Most of these complications can be cured conservatively, such as radiological intervention and endoscopic treatment. When the patients are unresponsive to nonsurgical therapies, or when they suffer from hepatic arterial embolism or arterial stricture simultaneously, surgical interventions, even retransplantation should be considered.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)105-107
Number of pages3
JournalNational Medical Journal of China
Volume88
Issue number2
StatePublished - Jan 8 2008

Keywords

  • Biliary fistula
  • Liver transplantation
  • Postoperative complications

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

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