Prophylactic use of zoledronic acid to prevent early bone loss is safe and feasible in patients with acute myeloid leukemia undergoing allogeneic stem cell transplantation

Siddhartha Ganguly, Clint L. Divine, Omar S. Aljitawi, Sunil Abhyankar, Joseph P. Mcguirk, Leland Graves

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

17 Scopus citations

Abstract

Osteopenia and osteoporosis are well-known consequences of allogeneic stem cell transplantation (allo-SCT). The role of prophylactic zoledronic acid on bone turnover following allo-SCT has not been well characterized. We prospectively studied the role of prophylactic use of zoledronic acid on bone metabolism in 17 patients with acute myeloid leukemia (AML) undergoing allo-SCT over a period of threeyr (2006-2009). We measured bone mineral density using dual energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA) scanning and the markers of bone turnover by urinary N-terminal telopeptide (uNTX) and serum osteocalcin levels prior to and serially following transplantation. All patients received 4mg of zoledronic acid (Zometa, Novartis Pharmaceuticals Corp., Basel, Switzerland) intravenously prior to starting conditioning regimen and at sixmonths after SCT. DXA scores did not change significantly in any patient over time (p>0.05). uNTX progressively decreased over time (p<0.001) and serum osteocalcin stabilized after sixmonths. No patient developed osteonecrosis of the jaw. In conclusion, in this prospective pilot study, prophylactic use of zoledronic acid to prevent early bone loss was found to be safe and feasible in patients with AML undergoing allo-SCT during the immediate post-transplantation period.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)447-453
Number of pages7
JournalClinical Transplantation
Volume26
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - May 2012

Keywords

  • Allogeneic stem cell transplantation
  • Osteoporosis
  • Zoledronic acid

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Transplantation

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