Prognostic value of thallium-201 single-photon emission computed tomography for patients with multivessel coronary artery disease after revascularization (the Emory Angioplasty versus Surgery Trial [EAST])

Naomi P. Alazraki, Elizabeth G. Krawczynska, Andrzej S. Kosinski, E. Gordon DePuey, Jack A. Ziffer, Andrew T. Taylor, Roderic I. Pettigrew, Johnathan P. Vansant, Leslee J. Shaw, William S. Weintraub, Spencer B. King

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

33 Scopus citations

Abstract

The aim of this study was to investigate the relation between reversible thallium single-photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) myocardial perfusion defects at 1-year after revascularization and quantitative indexes in Emory Angioplasty versus Surgery Trial (EAST) and outcomes 3 years after revascularization in 336 patients. EAST was a randomized controlled trial assessing cardiac outcomes for angioplasty versus bypass surgery for patients with multivessel coronary artery disease. During this prospective trial, a substudy included the evaluation of the prognostic value of reversible defects on quantitative thallium SPECT. At 1-year after revascularization, 336 patients underwent SPECT thallium-201 stress myocardial perfusion and 3-hour delayed imaging. Subsequent events, percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty, coronary artery bypass graft surgery, myocardial infarction, and death, were recorded at 3 years. A stress-induced reversible thallium-201 defect was defined using a quantitative index of a reversibility score >30% and severity score >500. Reversible defects were observed more frequently in the percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty than in the coronary artery bypass graft surgery treatment groups (46% vs 27%, p <0.001). A total of 123 patients had stress-induced, reversible thallium defects and more events than patients with other perfusion results (freedom from all events was 81.3% vs 94% [p <0.001], and freedom from myocardial infarction and death 88.3% vs 95.5% [p = 0.031]). Quantitative thallium SPECT at 1 year after revascularization risk stratifies patients as to their likelihood of major cardiac outcomes. Copyright (C) 1999 Excerpta Medica Inc.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1369-1374
Number of pages6
JournalAmerican Journal of Cardiology
Volume84
Issue number12
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 15 1999

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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