Stress echocardiography is increasingly used for the assessment of coronary artery disease and is valuable in the treatment of patients with known disease as well. Although several studies are available on the accuracy of stress echocardiography in the detection of coronary artery disease and evaluation of its severity, studies on the use of this technique for evaluation of prognosis are just now emerging. Over the past decade, few studies have investigated its prognostic value in different patient populations. The versatility and advantage of stress echocardiography lie in the fact that it provides information on both resting ventricular function and stress-induced ischemia, two important determinants of cardiac events. Exercise echocardiography with the bicycle or posttreadmill approach is used in subjects who can exercise and provides important additional prognostic data from physiologic exercise variables. In patients unable to exercise, pharmacologic stress echocardiography with dobutamine or vasodilators is used. Stress echocardiography has been shown to identify different populations of patients at risk of cardiac events, including those with stable or suspected coronary artery disease, those with acute myocardial infarction, and those scheduled for major noncardiac surgery. In the early postinfarct setting, exercise and vasodilator stress have been used more often, whereas dobutamine echocardiography has been used predominantly at low doses for the assessment of residual myocardial viability. This review focuses on recently published investigations evaluating the prognostic effect of stress echocardiography in patients with stable coronary artery disease or acute myocardial infarction.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine