Prognostic value of preoperative serum leucine aminopeptidases in hepatocellular carcinoma patients who underwent liver transplantation

Qingqi Ren, Shunjun Fu, Dongping Wang, Weiqiang Ju, Xiaoshun He

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Background: Leucine aminopeptidases (LAPs) have been reported to be involved in tumor cell proliferation, invasion and angiogenesis. However, the relationship between serum leucine aminopeptidases and prognosis of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) patients who underwent liver transplantation (LT) was not yet reported. We aimed to evaluate the prognostic value of preoperative serum leucine aminopeptidases in these patients. Methods: Clinical data of 106 HCC patients who underwent LT were retrospectively analyzed. The sex ratio, age, HBV infection, Child-Pugh stage, preoperative tumor therapy, AFP, the largest tumor size, tumor number, Edmondson grading, macro-and micro-vascular invasion of patients with different serum LAP level and compositions of patients who met the criteria of Milan, UCSF or Hangzhou were compared using the chi-square test. The Kaplan-Meier method was performed in survival analysis and the log rank test was used in survival comparison. Results: Serum LAPs were correlated with alpha-fetoprotein (AFP), the largest tumor size, tumor number and macro-vascular invasion. Patients with serum LAPs > 87 U/L showed significantly poorer disease-free survival (DFS) and overall survival (OS) than those with serum LAPs ≤ 87 U/L. Univariate analysis indicated that serum LAPs, AFP, the largest tumor size, tumor number, and macro- and micro-vascular invasion were all associated with DFS and OS. Multivariate analysis showed that serum LAPs, macro-vascular invasion and the largest tumor size were independently correlated with DFS and OS. Serum LAPs could also distinguish prognosis between patients with different status of AFP, the largest tumor size, tumor number, and macro- and micro-vascular invasion, as well as patients within and beyond selection criteria, such as Milan, University of California, San Francisco and Hangzhou criteria. Conclusion: Elevated preoperative serum LAPs were associated with advanced tumor stage and aggressive biological behavior, and thus a poor outcome, which could be a prognostic marker for HCC patients who underwent LT.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1053-1066
Number of pages14
JournalCancer Management and Research
Volume13
DOIs
StatePublished - 2021

Keywords

  • Disease-free survival
  • Hepatocellular carcinoma
  • Leucine aminopeptidases
  • Liver transplantation
  • Overall survival

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Prognostic value of preoperative serum leucine aminopeptidases in hepatocellular carcinoma patients who underwent liver transplantation'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this