Abstract

Background: MGMT promoter methylation has been associated with favorable prognosis and survival outcomes in patients with glioblastoma and WHO grade III glioma. However, the effects of promoter methylation of MGMT in patients with WHO grade II gliomas have not been established. The purpose of the current study is to evaluate the prognostic impact and predictive values of MGMT methylation in patients with grade II glioma. Methods: The National Cancer Database (NCDB) was queried (2004–2016) for patients with newly diagnosed grade II glioma. Demographics and clinical characteristics of these patients were examined. Statistics included Kaplan–Meier overall survival (OS) analysis alongside Cox proportional hazards modeling. Results: A total of 11,223 patients met the selection criteria; 1252 patients (11%) had MGMT testing. Of the patients who had MGMT testing, 58.5% were MGMT methylated (mMGMT), and 43.5% were MGMT unmethylated (uMGMT). mMGMT patients had greater median overall survival (77.3 months) than both uMGMT patients (42.6 months) and patients with no MGMT status reported (61.9 months (p < 0.001 for both). mMGMT was also associated with improved OS, when compared to patients with uMGMT, for patients receiving adjuvant chemoradiation or adjuvant radiation therapy. Conclusions: This is the largest study to date demonstrating both the prognostic and predictive impact of MGMT methylation on patients with grade II glioma. The current results show that mMGMT is a prognostic factor and possibly a predictive biomarker for grade II glioma patients. MGMT methylation status can be used to determine and stratify patients by risk levels, and thus select patients for treatment intensification. Importance of study: The present study is the largest to date examining the prognostic and predictive significance of MGMT methylation (mMGMT) in patients with WHO grade II glioma. The results suggest that mMGMT is prognostic with increasing overall survival rates for patients with mMGMT compared to uMGMT patients. The results also suggest that mMGMT is predictive as shown by improved overall survival in patients receiving gross total resection, adjuvant chemoradiation or adjuvant radiation therapy, but no difference was observed in patients receiving adjuvant chemotherapy or no adjuvant treatment.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)137-146
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Neuro-Oncology
Volume157
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 1 2022

Keywords

  • Chemotherapy
  • Grade II glioma
  • MGMT methylation
  • Radiation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Neurology
  • Clinical Neurology
  • Cancer Research

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